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Home Agriculture and Economic Development Land Reforms or Agrarian Reforms 

 

Land Reforms or Agrarian Reforms:

 

Meaning and Definition:

 

The land reforms or agrarian reforms means all those measures which are aimed at removing those obstacles which are responsible for keeping the agriculture sector backward socially and economically. Through these measures not only changes will be brought in the use and the distribution of the land, but the relationships between land lords and tenants will also be improved. Thus due to land .reforms govt. gets legal right over the possession of the lands of people (big landlords). However, in this connection govt. pays the compensation, in certain cases.

 

Objectives of Land Reforms or Agrarian Reforms:

 

The land reforms are made in order to attain certain social, political and economic objectives. They are discussed below:

 

(i) To Bring Political Change: The biggest objective of land reforms is to create and maintain political balance in the society. Under land reforms the big tracts of land owned by land lords and feudals are confiscated by govt., and then they are distributed amongst the land less peasants. This will not only weaken the mighty and influential feudals but it will also remove resentment amongst the poor farmers. But it has been observed that those agrarian reforms which are made without any revolution fail to bring any change in the social structure of the villages. As in case of Pakistan, despite land reforms the political power of feudals and land lords did not come down.

 

(ii) To Bring Social Change: The other objective of land reforms is to bring a social change in the society, i.e., to reduce the inequalities in the distribution of incomes, wealth and opportunities. But it may lead to class conflict amongst the land owners and landlessness.

 

(iii) To Bring Economic Change: The land reforms will bring economic change in the society through redistribution of land when the agri. production and productivity will increase. The agri. sector will generate surplus. More labor could be able to find jobs. The capital accumulation in agri. sector will increase. The demand for inputs like fertilizers, pesticides, sprays, tractors and other machinery will increase. Consequently, the industries producing such agri. inputs will grow, and the inter-relationship between the agri. and non-agri. sector will increase. Moreover, the land reforms will be more satisfying to the poor peasants. They shall work hard leading to enhance the production. In this way, the exports of a country will increase, and imports will decrease leading to improve the BOP position of a country.

 

Note:

 

But it is told that objectives of land reforms in each country depend upon the circumstances and political set-up of a country.

 

Relevant Articles:

 

Role of Agriculture Sector in Economic Development of a Developing Country
Structure of Third World Agrarian System
Economics of Agricultural Development/Stages of Agricultural Development
Strategy for Agricultural and Rural Development
Economics of Small Scale Agriculture
Economics of Agriculture Specialization
Role of Agriculture in Economic Growth
Agriculture Surplus as a Source of Capital Formation and Economic Development
Surplus Labor as a Source of Capital Formation and Economic Development
Agriculture Sector and Capital Formation in Developing Countries
Land Reforms or Agrarian Reforms
Land Reforms Measures
Effects of Agrarian Reforms
Agrarian Reforms and Economic Development
Green Revolution (GR)
Nature of Green Revolution (GR)
Causes or Importance of Green Revolution (GR)
Effects of Green Revolution (GR) on Income
Problems/Demerits of Green Revolution (GR)
Relationship Between Farm Size and Farm Output with Respect to Productivity
Productivity of Lands
Relationship Between Green Revolution and Size Productivity
 

Principles and Theories of Micro Economics
Definition and Explanation of Economics
Theory of Consumer Behavior
Indifference Curve Analysis of Consumer's Equilibrium
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Elasticity of Demand
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Equilibrium of Demand and Supply
Economic Resources
Scale of Production
Laws of Returns
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Development and Planning Economics
Introduction to Development Economics
Features of Developing Countries
Economic Development and Economic Growth
Theories of Under Development
Theories of Economic Growth
Agriculture and Economic Development
Monetary Economics and Public Finance

History of Money
 

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