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Home Agriculture and Economic Development Nature of Green Revolution (GR) 

 

Nature of Green Revolution (GR):

 

(1) Due to Green Revolution (GR) miracle seeds known as HYV (High yielding variety) have been adopted by the farmers in some LDCs at a high rates. As in Pakistan about 73% of wheat was sown with "Mexican" seed of wheat during 1969-70. Same is the case with Philippine. But neither the size of the farm nor the land tenure system has ever become the constraint in the way of use of HYV.

 

(2) The size of the farm, the shortage of current supply and other complementary inputs did not check the adoption of new technology.

 

(3) It has also been found that the introduction of HYV technology has led to a rise in the demand for farm labor. As the case of inflow of labor from other sectors of the economy to agriculture sector during harvesting and sowing seasons. This has also increased the real wages of the labor. However, if GR is attached with farm mechanization and tractorisation the employment opportunities will decrease and the wages will fall.

 

(4) The adoption of HYV has widened the disparity in income distribution. As the big land lords have been benefited more as compared with small peasants. Furthermore GR has also increased the income differentials between the regions within the same country. As in case of Pakistan some regions are more prosperous than other, e.g. the Sahiwal area is more fertile and prosperous as compared with Mianwali. Hence, the impact of GR on fertile region will be more than non fertile or less fertile region. The followings are the reasons for differential rates of growth in agriculture in Pakistan, Thiland and Philippine.

 

(i) Difference in availability of water and irrigation facilities.

 

(ii) Different levels of fertilizers use at right time and in right amount.

 

(iii) Differential flow of information regarding HYV seeds and their inputs.

 

(iv) Difference in the availability of new varieties of seeds, fertilizers and pesticides.

 

(5) Difference in nature and attitude of farmers towards the risk and uncertainties. This is because when there is a high risk in the adoption of modern technology, farmers are reluctant to abandon the outdated technology. It is shown with the help of Fig.

 

Diagram/Figure:

 

Nature of Green Revolution

 

Here the line MCN denotes the minimum consumption need. It is fixed, If the level of consumption is lower than this, it means famine and death. The line MDC stands for minimum desirable consumption. This slopes upward slowly. This represents the change in attitude due to economic growth etc. Small farmers attitude towards risk and uncertainties will be determined by his traditional production function. We take two types of farmers advanced - A and backward - B. The B's production remains close to MCN but A's production has increased slowly and it is above MCN and close to MDC. It shows that A farmer is a risk taker in adopting new techniques as compared with B. So as long as A farmer lives hand to mouth, he cannot afford risk. The govts. of UDCs do not provide any assurance to small farm holders against risk. Moreover, the returns to the cultivators are low because of traditional marketing etc. Hence, the risk taking will remain missing.

 

(6) The introduction of HYV has resulted in decreasing the prices of food grains. Furthermore due to GR the cultivable area will increase. The double or multiple cropping system will become possible.

 

Relevant Articles:

 

Role of Agriculture Sector in Economic Development of a Developing Country
Structure of Third World Agrarian System
Economics of Agricultural Development/Stages of Agricultural Development
Strategy for Agricultural and Rural Development
Economics of Small Scale Agriculture
Economics of Agriculture Specialization
Role of Agriculture in Economic Growth
Agriculture Surplus as a Source of Capital Formation and Economic Development
Surplus Labor as a Source of Capital Formation and Economic Development
Agriculture Sector and Capital Formation in Developing Countries
Land Reforms or Agrarian Reforms
Land Reforms Measures
Effects of Agrarian Reforms
Agrarian Reforms and Economic Development
Green Revolution (GR)
Nature of Green Revolution (GR)
Causes or Importance of Green Revolution (GR)
Effects of Green Revolution (GR) on Income
Problems/Demerits of Green Revolution (GR)
Relationship Between Farm Size and Farm Output with Respect to Productivity
Productivity of Lands
Relationship Between Green Revolution and Size Productivity
 

Principles and Theories of Micro Economics
Definition and Explanation of Economics
Theory of Consumer Behavior
Indifference Curve Analysis of Consumer's Equilibrium
Theory of Demand
Theory of Supply
Elasticity of Demand
Elasticity of Supply
Equilibrium of Demand and Supply
Economic Resources
Scale of Production
Laws of Returns
Production Function
Cost Analysis
Various Revenue Concepts
Price and output Determination Under Perfect Competition
Price and Output Determination Under Monopoly
Price and Output Determination Under Monopolistic/Imperfect Competition
Theory of Factor Pricing OR Theory of Distribution
Rent
Wages
Interest
Profits
Principles and Theories of Macro Economics
National Income and Its Measurement
Principles of Public Finance
Public Revenue and Taxation
National Debt and Income Determination
Fiscal Policy
Determinants of the Level of National Income and Employment
Determination of National Income
Theories of Employment
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Balance of Payments
Commercial Policy
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Introduction to Development Economics
Features of Developing Countries
Economic Development and Economic Growth
Theories of Under Development
Theories of Economic Growth
Agriculture and Economic Development
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History of Money
 

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