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Home Interest Difference in Interest Rate and Annual Percentage Rate (APR)


Difference in Interest Rates and Annual Percentage Rate (APR):


Definition of Interest Rate:


"The price which a borrower pays for the use of money he does not own, and has to return to the lender who receives for deferring his consumption, by lending to the borrower".

Definition of Annual Percentage Rate (APR):


"The percentage cost of borrowing per year, including interest fees".


For example:


A $1000 loan repaid in its entirely after one year with $80 interest plus a $10 service fee, has a total finance charge of $90, and so has an APR of 9%.




If pure interest is calculated over the same period of time in the same money market, it will tend to be the same. It can, however, differ in different markets on account of the following reasons.

Difference in the Period of Loan:


Firstly, if a borrower takes a long term loan from the lender, then he will charge a higher rate of interest than what he charges for the short period loan. It is because the lender has to part with his money for a longer period, so he must demand a higher rate of interest.

Secondly, in a long term loan, the risk of the loss of funds due to dishonesty or incapability of the borrower are more than on a short term loan.

Thirdly, businessmen demand money for a fairly long period in order to invest that fund in fixed equipments, like building machinery, etc., so they are ready to pay higher rate of interest.

Fourthly, the lender hesitates to lock up their money for longer period keeping in view the various risks involved. Due to all these factors stated above, the supply of loan able funds runs short of demand for loan able funds and the rate of interest goes up. On the other, hand, for a short period, the risk for the loss of capital is less than on the long period. The supply is generally in excess of demand for this fund. So the rate of interest is usually low.

Short term and long term rates of interest generally move in the very same direction. If the short term rate of interest is high, the long term rate of interest is also high. If the short term rate of interest is low, the long term rate of interest is also generally low.

Differences Due to Distance:


Pure interest can differ due to difference in the distances of the money market. It is the desire of every money lender to reduce the risks of non-payment of money. So they will prefer to invest their amounts near at home at a lower rate of interest than at a higher rate of interest at a long distance.

Difference in Size of Loan:


Pure interest/net interest can also differ due to the differences in the amount of loan demanded. The higher the amount demanded for loan, the higher the rate of interest and vice versa.

Relevant Articles:

Definition of Interest
Analysis of Gross Interest
Difference in Interest Rates and Annual Percentage Rate (APR)
Difference in Gross Interest Rates
Theories of Interest/Why is Interest Paid

Principles and Theories of Micro Economics
Definition and Explanation of Economics
Theory of Consumer Behavior
Indifference Curve Analysis of Consumer's Equilibrium
Theory of Demand
Theory of Supply
Elasticity of Demand
Elasticity of Supply
Equilibrium of Demand and Supply
Economic Resources
Scale of Production
Laws of Returns
Production Function
Cost Analysis
Various Revenue Concepts
Price and output Determination Under Perfect Competition
Price and Output Determination Under Monopoly
Price and Output Determination Under Monopolistic/Imperfect Competition
Theory of Factor Pricing OR Theory of Distribution
Principles and Theories of Macro Economics
National Income and Its Measurement
Principles of Public Finance
Public Revenue and Taxation
National Debt and Income Determination
Fiscal Policy
Determinants of the Level of National Income and Employment
Determination of National Income
Theories of Employment
Theory of International Trade
Balance of Payments
Commercial Policy
Development and Planning Economics
Introduction to Development Economics
Features of Developing Countries
Economic Development and Economic Growth
Theories of Under Development
Theories of Economic Growth
Agriculture and Economic Development
Monetary Economics and Public Finance

History of Money

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