Concept and Meaning of Land in Economics:
The term land in economics is used in a special sense. It does not mean soil or earth surface alone. Land in economics means natural resources. It includes all those things which are found under and over the surface of earth.
Definition of Land by Marshall:
In the words of Marshall:
“The land means the material and the forces which nature gives freely to man’s aid in land and water, in air and light and heat”.
Characteristics or Features:
The main characteristics or features of land as a factor of production are as follows:
(i) Supply of land. The supply of land from the point of view of the economy is perfectly inelastic. However, from the point of view of a firm, it is relatively elastic.
(ii) No geographical mobility. Land has no geographical mobility. It cannot be shifted from one region to another region.
(iii) Land differs in fertility. All the plots of land are not homogeneous. They differ in fertility.
(iv) Land is permanent. The power of the soil is original and indestructible.