The land reforms are made in order to attain
certain social, political and economic objectives. They are discussed below:
(i) To Bring Political Change: The biggest objective of land reforms is to
create and maintain political balance in the society. Under land reforms the big
tracts of land owned by land lords and feudals are confiscated by govt., and
then they are distributed amongst the land less peasants. This will not only
weaken the mighty and influential feudals but it will also remove resentment
amongst the poor farmers. But it has been observed that those agrarian reforms
which are made without any revolution fail to bring any change in the social
structure of the villages. As in case of Pakistan, despite land reforms the
political power of feudals and land lords did not come down.
(ii) To Bring Social Change: The other objective of land reforms is to bring a
social change in the society, i.e., to reduce the inequalities in the
distribution of incomes, wealth and opportunities. But it may lead to class
conflict amongst the land owners and landlessness.