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Home Wages Why Wages of Women Lower Than Men


Why Wages of Women Lower Than Men:


The wages of women are generally lower than men because of the following reasons:

(i) Men are physically stronger than women. They can undertake hard and strenuous works but women cannot perform such jobs. So they receive lower wages than men.

(ii) There are only a few occupations which are open to women. The number of ladies trying to secure services in these limited occupation is generally larger than their demand. The competition among the women workers brings a fall in wage rate.

(iii) Women generally do not take to any profession permanently. They very often leave the job after their marriage. So for the short period, when they work, they accept lower wages from their employers.

(iv) Most of the women are not literate as men are. They, therefore, are not capable of undertaking responsible jobs. So they are paid lower wanes than men.

(v) Women do not have well organized trade unions. They lack the power of raising their wages through them. It is due to this reason also their wages are not high.

(vi) There is another very important factor which we can name as biological one. Women cannot regularly perform their duties due to maternal functions .like maternity, etc. As they have to remain absent during such periods, they get lower wages than man.


Modern Tendency:


The modem tendency is towards equality of remuneration between the two sexes. There are many occupations which were earlier regarded as monopoly of men but now-a-days women are taking up these jobs as efficiently as the men can. For instance, in railways, air force, army, industry, agriculture, etc. the women are doing their jobs very well and are earning almost the same amount which men are receiving. There are certain occupations like typing, record-keeping, stenography, computer services etc., where the wages of women are higher than men, because in these occupations women have proved more efficient then men. But on the whole even then, women receive lower wages than men due to the reasons stated above.


Relevant Articles:


Definition of Wages
Various System of Wages Payments
Payments of Wages on the Basis of Form/Kinds of Wages
Why Wages of Women Lower Than Men
How are Wages Determined/Theories of Wages Determination
Nominal and Real Cost of Labor
Minimum Wage

Principles and Theories of Micro Economics
Definition and Explanation of Economics
Theory of Consumer Behavior
Indifference Curve Analysis of Consumer's Equilibrium
Theory of Demand
Theory of Supply
Elasticity of Demand
Elasticity of Supply
Equilibrium of Demand and Supply
Economic Resources
Scale of Production
Laws of Returns
Production Function
Cost Analysis
Various Revenue Concepts
Price and output Determination Under Perfect Competition
Price and Output Determination Under Monopoly
Price and Output Determination Under Monopolistic/Imperfect Competition
Theory of Factor Pricing OR Theory of Distribution
Principles and Theories of Macro Economics
National Income and Its Measurement
Principles of Public Finance
Public Revenue and Taxation
National Debt and Income Determination
Fiscal Policy
Determinants of the Level of National Income and Employment
Determination of National Income
Theories of Employment
Theory of International Trade
Balance of Payments
Commercial Policy
Development and Planning Economics
Introduction to Development Economics
Features of Developing Countries
Economic Development and Economic Growth
Theories of Under Development
Theories of Economic Growth
Agriculture and Economic Development
Monetary Economics and Public Finance

History of Money

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